The language of the Roma population is Romany, although many Roma combine that language with Romanian. The flag consists of blue, yellow, and red vertical stripes that symbolize Transylvania, Moldavia, and Walachia, respectively.
The coat of arms, adopted in 1992, consists of a gold eagle against a blue background holding a cross in its beak, a sword in one claw, and a scepter in the other.
The name "Romania," which was first used when the three regions of the country were united in 1859, reflects the influence of ancient Rome on the nation's language and culture.
During Michael's reign, Romania maintained a degree of sovereignty, but after his death, the Turks again dominated the region.
They ruled through Greek officials who abused their power to exploit the peasants.
Today the Jewish population is estimated at less than 10,000.
The German population has also decreased significantly.
They eventually succumbed around 1500 and spent more than three hundred years under Turkish rule.
In 1601, the principalities of Moldavia, Walachia, and Transylvania were united for the first time under Prince Michael the Brave.
The Danube River stretches through the country for six hundred miles, forming its southern border with Serbia and Bulgaria and emptying into the Black Sea in the east.
It is a source for irrigation and hydroelectric power.
Emblazoned on the eagle's chest are the symbols of the five provinces: Walachia, Moldavia, Transylvania, Banat, and Dobruja.
Roman domination of the region lasted only until 271 but had a formative and long-lasting influence.
Many Romans stayed and intermarried with the Dacians, helping to shape the customs and language of the region.